Physicians at Baptist may use minimally invasive techniques for a number of surgeries of the bones and joints. Some conditions that may be treated include:
The body's largest joint, the knee is where the femur (thighbone), the tibia (shinbone) and patella (knee bone) connect. In addition to these three bones, the joint also consists of muscles that help the joint move; ligaments that connect the bones to one another and that help stabilize the joint; and cartilage that acts as a shock absorber between the bones. When any of these parts cease to function properly due to disease or injury, repairs may be indicated to reduce pain and improve mobility.
The scapula (shoulder blade) and the humerus (bone of the upper arm) meet in an area of the scapula called the glenoid. Ligaments, tendons, cartilage and muscles provide stability and movement to the joint. Usually, when this joint has become injured or unstable, muscles, ligaments or tendons have been affected. Minimally invasive surgical techniques in many cases are a good option for treating problems in the shoulder.
Three groups of ligaments support the bones of the ankle, the talus (ankle bone), the tibia and fibula (bones of the lower leg). Minimally invasive techniques are available for repairing or reconstructing ligaments in this area, as well as for removing loose fragments that may be causing pain or limiting mobility.
A highly complex joint, the wrist consists of eight bones and many ligaments. Minimally invasive surgery may be indicated for a number of reasons including determining the cause of wrist pain; repairing fractures, cartilage or ligaments; removal of inflamed tissue or loose fragments and many others.
Minimally invasive surgeries of the bones and joints are most commonly done through arthroscopy. For these procedures, physicians use a device called an arthroscope, which the surgeon inserts into the joint through a small incision. The arthroscope transmits an image of the joint's interior to a video monitor that the surgeon views during the procedure. Using surgical instruments inserted through other small incisions, the surgeon is able to make the necessary repairs to the affected joint.
Anesthesia for an arthroscopic procedure in many cases is localized to the surgical area. Following an arthroscopy, many patients are able to go home the same day of the procedure.
Learn more about Baptist's Orthopedic Services.
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