Pronounced: La-cree-mahl duct sten-oh-sis
Lacrimal duct stenosis is a narrowing of a tear duct (lacrimal duct). This condition can occur in children and adults. This fact sheet will focus on lacrimal duct stenosis in infants.
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In some babies, problems in normal development can cause lacrimal duct obstruction. A thin membrane may cover the opening of the duct into the nose.
Factors that may increase your baby’s chance of lacrimal duct stenosis:
Lacrimal duct stenosis may cause:
The doctor will ask about your baby’s symptoms and medical history. The doctor will do an exam. Your baby may need to see a doctor who specializes in eye conditions in children.
The eye doctor may do a dye disappearance test. This test will help to confirm that there is a blockage in the tear duct.
Talk with the doctor about the best treatment plan for your baby. In infants, this condition often heals by itself in the first year of life.
Treatment options include:
American Academy of Pediatrics
National Eye Institute
Canadian Ophthalmology Society
Canadian Pediatric Society
Blocked tear duct: risk factors. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blocked-tear-duct/basics/definition/con-20033765. Updated October 2008. Accessed April 22, 2010.
Causes of blocked tear ducts. Nemours Kids Health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/eyes/tear_duct_obstruct_surgery.html. Accessed April 22, 2010.
Hurwitz JJ. The lacrimal drainage system. Ophthalmology. 2nd ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 2004: 761-768.
Nasolacrimal duct obstruction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 8, 2010. Accessed April 20, 2010.
Tearing. The Merck Manual Professional Edition website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/eye_disorders/symptoms_of_ophthalmologic_disorders/tearing.html?qt=tearing&alt=sh. Updated April 2009. Accessed April 20, 2010.
Last reviewed December 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.
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