TMD is usually diagnosed when your doctor listens to your description of symptoms and performs a thorough physical exam.
A careful physical exam may be completely normal despite symptoms, or may reveal:
The number and severity of symptoms and findinds can allow TMD to be staged.
There are no specific tests available that can definitively diagnose TMD. If your symptoms are extreme, your healthcare provider may try the following:
Puri P, Kambylafkas P, et al. Comparison of Doppler sonography to magnetic resonance imaging and clinical examination for disc displacement. Angle Orthod . 2006;76(5):824-829.
Siccoli MM. Facial pain: a clinical differential diagnosis. Lancet Neurology . 2006;5:257-267.
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated November 27, 2012. Accessed April 5, 2013.
TMJ. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/HealthInformation/tmj.cfm . Updated December 2010. Accessed April 5, 2013.
TMJ. American Dental Association Mouth Healthy website. Available at: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/t/tmj.aspx . Accessed April 5, 2013.
TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/TMJ . Updated March 21, 2013. Accessed April 5, 2013.
Tognini F, Manfredini D, et al. Comparison of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of temporomandibular joint disc displacement. J Oral Rehabil . 2005;32(4):248-253.
Last reviewed February 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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