The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at risk for certain diseases or conditions.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against regular screening by a doctor or self-screening in men who do not have any symptoms.
The American Cancer Society recommends that men aged 20 years and older have a testicular exam during routine physical exams. No studies have been done that look at the benefit or harm of screening for testicular cancer. If you are at high risk for testicular cancer, your doctor may advise you to do regular self-exams in order to detect any testicular changes.
Keep in mind that if you notice any symptoms of testicular cancer, such as a lump or swelling in the testicles, it is important that you see your doctor for an evaluation.
Can testicular cancer be found early? American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicular-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/detection.html. Updated February 12, 2016. Accessed September 11, 2017.
Testicular cancer. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T907377/Testicular-cancer. Updated May 31, 2017. Accessed September 11, 2017.
Testicular cancer. Merck Manual Professional Version. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/genitourinary-cancer/testicular-cancer. Updated November 2013. Accessed September 11, 2017.
Testicular cancer: Screening. United States Preventive Task Force website. Available at: https://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/UpdateSummaryFinal/testicular-cancer-screening. Update April 2011. Accessed September 11, 2017.
Testicular cancer screening. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/testicular/patient/testicular-screening-pdq. Updated July 19, 2012. Accessed September 11, 2017.
3/3/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T907377/Testicular-cancer: Ilic D, Misso M. Screening for testicular cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(2):CD007853.
Last reviewed September 2016 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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