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The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at risk for certain diseases or conditions.

Screening Guidelines

The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) does not recommend regular screening by a doctor or self-screening in men who do not have any symptoms. However, the American Cancer Society recommends that a testicular exam should be done by your doctor at your routine cancer-related check-ups. No studies have been done that look at the benefit or harm of screening for testicular cancer. Discuss screening with your doctor, especially if you are at high risk for testicular cancer.

Keep in mind that if you notice any symptoms of testicular cancer, such as a lump or swelling in the testicles, it is important that you see your doctor for an evaluation.

References:

Can testicular cancer be found early? American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/TesticularCancer/DetailedGuide/testicular-cancer-detection . Updated January 19, 2011. Accessed March 2, 2011.

Casciato DA. Manual of Clinical Oncology . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004.

Cashen AF, Wildes TM. The Washington Manual of Hematology and Oncology Subspeciality Consult . 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolter Kluwers Health; 2008.

Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center website. Available at: http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu/ . Accessed January 31, 2006.

Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 14th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2000.

United States Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for testicular cancer. United States Preventive Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/3rduspstf/testicular/testiculrs.pdf . Accessed March 2, 2011.

3/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamicmedical.com/what.php : Ilic D, Misso M. Screening for testicular cancer. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2011;(2):CD007853.



Last reviewed September 2013 by Mohei Abouzied, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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