Making some lifestyle changes can help you avoid triggers that may cause an asthma attack.
Because there are many types of allergens that may trigger asthma, it is nearly impossible to completely remove all allergens from your environment. However, there are many things that you can do to help reduce allergens and your exposure to asthma triggers.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute offers these suggestions:
Other strategies for controlling allergens include:
Be sure your doctor knows the details of what you do at work. Do not overlook the effect of work, hobbies, and recreation as causes of asthma symptoms.
When you or your child has warning signs that an asthma attack may occur, begin treatment as recommended by your physician.
Warning signs include:
Weather changes may worsen asthma symptoms, especially in children. If the humidity increases or the temperature changes, pay close attention to your child's symptoms.
Although not all asthma attacks can be prevented, early treatment can significantly reduce the severity of the symptoms. Take all the necessary precautions to prevent asthma attacks, and treat symptoms as early as possible to avoid having a serious attack.
Consider using an online program to manage your symptoms. These programs can help to improve the control of your asthma and your lungs' function. Organizations like the American Lung Association and the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America offer information on web-based asthma management tools and support groups.
Your doctor may recommend that you limit strenuous physical activity after an asthma attack. In general, asthma should not limit your participation or success in physical activities. Consider the following when exercising:
Stay in contact with your doctor between visits, especially if your symptoms are changing. Whether you stay in contact over the phone, through email, or through your doctor's website, good communication can help you stay out of the hospital and have better control of your asthma.
If you are having a mild to moderate asthma attack and your medication does not work in the time it is supposed to, call your doctor. If you are having a severe asthma attack, take your asthma medication and get emergency medical help right away.
Asthma in adults and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 11, 2015. Accessed August 14, 2015.
Asthma in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 27, 2015. Accessed August 14, 2015.
Asthma exacerbation in adults and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 15, 2014. Accessed August 14, 2015.
Asthma exacerbation in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 22, 2014. Accessed August 14, 2015.
Common asthma triggers. American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology website. Available at: http://www.acaai.org/allergist/asthma/asthma-triggers/Pages/default.aspx. August 14, 2015.
Dogra S, Kuk JL, Baker J, Jamnik V. Exercise is associated with improved asthma control in adults. Eur Respir J. 2010 Jun 7.
Reduce asthma triggers. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/asthma/taking-control-of-asthma/reduce-asthma-triggers.html. Accessed August 14, 2015.
Mapp CE, Boschetto P, Maestrelli P, Fabbri LM. Occupational asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005;172(3):280-305.
Section 3, component 3: control of environmental factors and comorbid conditions that affect asthma. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/files/docs/guidelines/06_sec3_comp3.pdf . Published August 28, 2007. Accessed August 14, 2015.
Sublett JL, Seltzer J, Burkhead R, Williams PB, Wedner HJ, Phipatanakul W; American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Indoor Allergen Committee. Air filters and air cleaners: rostrum by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Indoor Allergen Committee. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010;125(1):32-38.
Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/asthma/learning-more-about-asthma/symptoms-diagnosis-and-treatment.html. Accessed August 14, 2015.
10/29/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Howden-Chapman P, Pierse N, Nicholls S, et al. Effects of improved home heating on asthma in community dwelling children: randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2008 Sep 23.
2/17/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed : Bailey EJ, Cates CJ, Kruske S, Morris A, Chang A, Brown N. Culture-specific programs for children and adults from minority groups who have asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Jan 21;(1):CD006580.
9/2/2009 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed : Van der Meer V, Bakker MJ, van den Hout WB, et al. Internet based self-management plus education compared with usual care in asthma: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2009;151:110-120.
10/9/2009 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed : Mireku N, Wang Y, Ager J, Reddy R, Baptist A. Changes in weather and the effects on pediatric asthma exacerbations. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2009;(3):220.
11/13/2009 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed : Vempati R, Bijlani RL, Deepak KK. The efficacy of a comprehensive lifestyle modification programme based on yoga in the management of bronchial asthma: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Pulm Med. 2009;9:37.
1/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed : McLean S, Chandler D, Nurmatov U, Liu J, Pagliari C, Car J, Sheikh A. Telehealthcare for asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(10):CD007717.
5/4/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed : Woodfine L, Neal RD, Bruce N, et al. Enhancing ventilation in homes of children with asthma: pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Br J Gen Pract. 2011;61(592):e724-732.
Last reviewed August 2015 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.
What can we help you find?close ×