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Síntomas de Insuficiencia Cardiaca Congestiva (CHF)

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La insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva (CHF) es una condición que por lo general es el resultado de otras condiciones subyacentes. Es importante diagnosticar la causa subyacente, para que se pueda otorgar el tratamiento adecuado.

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No siempre hay síntomas notorios para la CHF mientras se desarrolla. Cuando ocurren síntomas, éstos podrían incluir:

  • Falta de aliento, especialmente con la actividad, o al recostarse
  • Inflamación de pies y tobillos
  • Fatiga y debilidad
  • Tos persistente o tos con sibilancia que podría estar acompañada por flemas blancas o teñidas con sangre
  • Rápido aumento de peso
  • Latidos cardiacos irregulares o rápidos
  • Cambio en la producción de orina (incremento o reducción, necesidad de orinar en la noche)
  • Náusea
  • Pérdida de apetito
  • Alerta reducida

References:

Heart failure. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 7, 2013. Accessed October 7, 2013.

Signs and symptoms of heart failure. Heart failure website. Available at: http://www.heartfailure.org/heart-failure/signs-symptoms. Accessed October 7, 2013.

Symptoms & diagnosis of heart failure. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartFailure/SymptomsDiagnosisofHeartFailure/Symptoms-Diagnosis-of-Heart-Failure_UCM_002047_Article.jsp. Updated September 20, 2012. Accessed October 7, 2013.

Vasan RS, Benjamin EJ, et al. Prevalence, clinical features and prognosis of diastolic heart failure; an epidemiologic perspective. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995;26:1565-1574.

What are the signs and symptoms of heart failure? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hf/signs.html. Updated January 9, 2013. Accessed October 7, 2013.



Last reviewed September 2014 by Michael J. Fucci, DO

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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