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Los medicamentos y los cambios en el estilo de vida son el pilar principal del tratamiento para el asma. Las terapias alternativas y complementarias están bajo investigación para determinar si también podrían desempeñar una función en el tratamiento.

Los objetivos del tratamiento son:

  • Aliviar síntomas agudos
  • Controlar síntomas de las vías respiratorias
  • Reducir la inflamación subyacente
  • Eliminar desencadenantes de alergias

El tratamiento involucra lo siguiente:

Cambios en el estilo de vida
Medicamentos
Otros tratamientos
Tratamientos alternativos y complementarios

En este momento, no hay procedimientos quirúrgicos para el tratamiento del asma.

References:

Asthma in adults and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 11, 2015. Accessed August 14, 2015.

Asthma in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 27, 2015. Accessed August 14, 2015.

Asthma exacerbation in adults and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 15, 2014. Accessed August 14, 2015.

Asthma exacerbation in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 22, 2014. Accessed August 14, 2015.

Thakkar K, Boatright RO, Gilger MA, El-Serag HB. Gastroesophageal reflux and asthma in children: a systematic review. Pediatrics. 2010;125(4):e925-930.



Last reviewed August 2015 by Michael Woods, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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