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El alcoholismo tiende a encontrarse en familias, y factores genéticos explican parcialmente este patrón. Es imposible reducir el riesgo genético. Sin embargo, el riesgo no es necesariamente el destino. Algunos factores, como fuertes apoyos sociales, pueden ayudar a proteger a personas incluso en alto riesgo de volverse dependientes al alcohol. Otras sugerencias incluyen:

  • Socialice sin alcohol.
  • Evite ir a bares.
  • No tenga alcohol en su casa.
  • Evite situaciones y personas que fomenten el beber.
  • Haga nuevos amigos que no beban.
  • Haga cosas divertidas que no involucren al alcohol.
  • Evite acudir a una bebida cuando esté estresado o molesto.
  • Beba lentamente.
  • Reemplace una bebida con algo más que usted disfrute realmente
  • Limite su consumo de alcohol a un nivel moderado.
    • Moderado equivale a dos o menos bebidas al día para los hombres y una o menos bebidas al día para mujeres y adultos mayores.
    • Una botella de cerveza de 12 onzas, una copa de vino de cinco onzas, o 1.5 onzas de licor se consideran una bebida.

References:

Alcohol use disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 25, 2015. Accessed April 10, 2015.

Patient education materials: Strategies for cutting down. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism website. Available at: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Practitioner/CliniciansGuide2005/clinicians_guide_cutdown.htm. Accessed April 10, 2015.

Patient education materials: What’s a standard drink? National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism website. Available at: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Practitioner/CliniciansGuide2005/clinicians_guide13_p_mats.htm. Accessed April 10, 2015.



Last reviewed February 2014 by Peter J. Lucas, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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