Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be defined as:
Gastritis can be erosive. Erosive gastritis can wear away the lining of the stomach. It may also cause ulcers and bleeding.
Causes of acute gastritis include:
Causes of chronic gastritis include:
Factors that increase your chance of acute gastritis include:
Factors that increase your chance of getting chronic gastritis include:
Symptoms may include:
If the gastritis is causing bleeding, you may notice:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
Upper GI Endoscopy
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Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include:
Medications for gastritis help relieve symptoms and help heal the stomach lining. Medications are available over-the-counter or by prescription. Your doctor may recommend:
Treatment may also include stopping or changing NSAIDs or other medications that may be causing the irritation.
If you are diagnosed with gastritis, follow your doctor's instructions .
To reduce your chance of getting gastritis from NSAIDs:
To reduce your chance of getting H. pylori infection:
The American Gastroenterological Association
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders
The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Acute gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated March 18, 2013. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Chronic gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 6, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Gastritis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/gastritis . Updated April 23, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.
Last reviewed May 2013 by Daus Mahnke, MD; Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.
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