Hodgkin's lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. This system drains excess fluid from the blood. It also protects against infection. Hodgkin's lymphoma is different from other forms of lymphoma.
Cancer occurs when cells in the body divide without control or order. In this case, the cells are a type of white blood cell called lymphocytes. If cells keep dividing uncontrollably, a mass of tissue forms. This is called a tumor. The term cancer refers to malignant tumors. These tumors invade nearby tissue and can spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor does not invade or spread.
The Lymphatic System
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The exact cause is not known. It may be due to genetic and environmental factors that lead to changes in the immune system.
Risk factors include:
Tell the doctor if your child has any of these symptoms.
The doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will also be done. The doctor will examine your child’s lymph nodes. Most swollen lymph nodes result from infection, not cancer.
If swelling persists, the doctor may order:
Treatment depends on the stage of the disease:
Work with the doctor and the healthcare team to determine the best treatment plan for your child. Treatment options include:
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body killing mostly cancer cells. With radiation therapy , radiation is directed at the tumor to kill the cancer cells. In many cases, both chemotherapy and radiation are used.
In some cases, the doctor may surgically remove a tumor. Also, the spleen may need to be removed.
Two types of transplants may be used:
American Cancer Society
Leukemia and Lymphoma Society
Canadian Cancer Society
Lymphoma Foundation Canada
Badash M. Hodgkin’s lymphoma. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated September 2009. Accessed July 6, 2010.
Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin. Hodgkin’s lymphoma in children. Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin website. Available at: http://www.chw.org/display/PPF/DocID/21998/router.asp . Accessed July 6, 2010.
Children’s Hospital Boston. Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Children’s Hospital Boston website. Available at: http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1043/mainpageS1043P0.html . Accessed July 6, 2010.
DynaMed Editorial Team. Hodgkin disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 28, 2010. Accessed Accessed July 6, 2010.
Last reviewed June 2012 by Kari Kassir, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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