Share this page

Health Library

Foreign Accent Syndrome(FAS)

Pronounced: FOR-en AK-sent SIN-drome

Definition

Foreign accent syndrome (FAS) is a rare speech disorder. If you have FAS, you adopt what sounds like a foreign accent, even though you may never have traveled to that particular country.

Stroke—Common Cause of Foreign Accent Syndrome

si1213_97870_1_Ischemic Stroke.jpg

Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes

FAS is caused by damage to the part of the brain that controls the rhythm and melody of speech. The damage may be due to:

FAS is also linked it to other symptoms, such as:

  • Aphasia —a communication disorder that can affect the ability to understand and express language
  • Speech apraxia —a speech disorder that affects the ability to make sounds, syllables, and words
Risk Factors

Factors that increase your chance of developing FAS include:

  • Being at high risk for stroke
  • Having aphasia or apraxia
Symptoms

Those with foreign accent syndrome speak in a distorted rhythm and tone, such as:

  • Making vowel sounds longer and lower such as changing English “yeah” or German “jah”
  • Changing sound quality by moving the tongue or jaw differently while speaking
  • Substituting words or using inappropriate words to describe something
  • Stringing sentences together the wrong way

If you have FAS, you may be able to speak easily and without anxiety. Other people are able to understand you. The accent that you have adopted could be within the same language, such as American-English to British-English.

Symptoms can last for months, years, or may be permanent.

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done paying particular attention to the muscles used in speech. A psychological evaluation may also be done to rule out psychiatric conditions.

  • Your language skills will be assessed. This can be done with:
    • Tests to assess reading, writing, and language comprehension
    • Use of recordings to analyze speech patterns
  • Images will be taken of your brain. This can be done with:
  • Your brain activity may be measured. This can be done with an electroencephalogram (EEG) .

Since this condition is rare, you will most likely be evaluated by a team of specialists, including:

  • Speech-language pathologist
  • Neurologist
  • Neuropsychologist
  • Psychologist
Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:

  • Speech therapy—You may be taught how to better move your lips and jaw during speech.
  • Counseling —Since FAS is a rare disorder, you may feel isolated and embarrassed. Counseling can help you and your family better cope with the condition.
Prevention

Since FAS is closely linked to stroke, follow these guidelines to prevent stroke:

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat a healthful diet .
  • Quit smoking and limit how much alcohol you drink.
  • Maintain a healthy weight .
  • Check your blood pressure often.
  • Take a low dose of aspirin if your doctor says it is safe.
  • Keep chronic conditions under control.
  • Call 911 if you have symptoms of a stroke, even if symptoms stop.
  • Do not use drugs .

RESOURCES:

Foreign Accent Syndrome Support
University of Texas at Dallas
http://www.utdallas.edu/research/FAS

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
http://www.nidcd.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
http://ww2.heartandstroke.ca

Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists
http://www.caslpa.ca/

References:

About FAS. Foreign Accent Syndrome (FAS) Support website. Available at: http://www.utdallas.edu/research/FAS/about/. Accessed May 21, 2013.

Garst D, Katz W. Foreign accent syndrome. ASHA Leader. 2006;11:10-11,31.

Miller N. Foreign accent syndrome. Not such a funny turn. Inter J Ther & Rehab. 2007;14:388.

Foreign accent syndrome. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/Publications/leader/2006/060815/f060815c/. Updated August 2006. Accessed May 21, 2013.

Reeves, R, Burke R, Parker, J. Characteristics of psychotic patients with foreign accent syndrome. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007;19:70-76.



Last reviewed March 2014 by Rimas Lukas, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

Baptist Flame

Health Library

Find A Doctor

Services

Locations

Baptist Medical Clinic

Patients & Visitors

Learn

Contact Us

Physician Tools

Careers at Baptist

Employee Links

Online Services

At Baptist Health Systems

At Baptist Medical Center

close ×