Purine is a compound found primarily in foods of animal origin. It is especially high in organ meats, anchovies, mackerel, and sardines.
A low-purine diet is usually recommended if you have gout. It may also be recommended if you have kidney stones or have had an organ transplant.
The body metabolizes purine into uric acid. A buildup of uric acid can worsen symptoms of gout. If you have gout, eating a low-purine diet can help minimize uric acid production and thereby improve symptoms.
|Food Category||Foods Recommended||Foods to Limit or Avoid|
|Meat and Beans|
In addition to following a low-purine diet, here are some other suggestions for decreasing uric acid production:
Consider meeting with a registered dietitian to come up with a personalized eating plan.
The Arthritis Foundation
The Purine Research Society
Dietitians of Canada
The Arthritis Society
Choi HK, Liu S, et al. Intake of purine-rich foods, protein, and dairy products and relationship to serum levels of uric acid: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Arthritis Rheum. 2005;52(1):283-289.
Fam AG. Gout: excess calories, purines, and alcohol intake and beyond. Response to a urate-lowering diet. J Rheumatol. 2005;32(5):903-905.
Hyon CK, Mount DB, et al; American College of Physicians, American Physiological Society.. Pathogenesis of gout. Ann Intern Med. 2005;143(7):499-516.
Low-purine diet. University of Pittsburgh Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.upmc.com/patients-visitors/education/nutrition/Pages/low-purine-diet.aspx. Accessed February 19, 2014.
Last reviewed January 2016 by Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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