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Urinary tract infections are primarily treated with antibiotic medications. The goals of treatment are to eliminate the bacteria causing the infection and to relieve the discomfort.

Treatment involves the following:

Lifestyle changes
Alternative and complementary treatments

Surgery is generally not considered for the treatment of urinary tract infections. Surgery may be considered if there are other problems, such as kidney or bladder stones, ureteral reflux, a prolapsed bladder, or an enlarged prostate.


Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) (pyelonephritis and cystitis). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated August 23, 2014. Accessed September 17, 2014.

Urinary tract infections in adults. American Urological Association Foundation website. Available at: Accessed September 17, 2014.

Urinary tract infections in adults. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: Updated May 24, 2012. Accessed September 17, 2014.

Last reviewed September 2015 by Adrienne Carmack, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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