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Related Media: The Importance of Healthy Eating When You Have Diabetes

The goal of diabetes treatment is to maintain blood glucose (sugar) levels and HbA1c levels within a healthy range. By doing so, you will feel better on a daily basis and will help prevent or delay the complications associated with diabetes. Talk to your doctor about what a healthy blood glucose range is for you.

The main components of treatment are:

  • Lifestyle changes—diet and exercise
  • Blood glucose monitoring
  • Medications—such as oral anti-diabetes medication and insulin injections

For detailed information on treatment, click on the following:

Lifestyle changes
Alternative and complementary therapies
Other treatments


Diabetes mellitus type 2. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated July 29, 2013. Accessed August 28, 2013.

Type 2. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: Accessed August 28, 2013.

Last reviewed September 2015 by Kim A. Carmichael, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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