Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are caused by the buildup of glucose in the blood and the lack of glucose in body cells. Symptoms of hyperglycemia include the following:
In some cases, the total lack of insulin leads to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis . When you do not have enough insulin, blood glucose levels rise. Yet, that glucose cannot enter the body’s cells to generate energy. In response, the body starts breaking down stored fat for energy. The by-products of fat breakdown are called ketone bodies. These ketone bodies are composed of acids that build up in the blood and cause diabetic ketoacidosis.
Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include:
If diabetic ketoacidosis is not treated immediately with fluids and insulin, it can lead to coma and even death.
Braunwald E. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 15th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2001.
Diabetes mellitus type 1. Available at: EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116244/Diabetes-mellitus-type-1. Updated August 29, 2016. Accessed October 5, 2016.
DKA (ketoacidosis) & ketones. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/ketoacidosis-dka.html. Accessed December 31, 2012.
Last reviewed September 2015 by Kim A. Carmichael, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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