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There are no treatments to cure sickle cell disease. Instead, treatment is aimed at managing the various symptoms in an effort to minimize complications. The goals of treatment include:

  • Managing and preventing acute crisis episodes
  • Managing chronic pain
  • Managing anemia
  • Preventing and treating infections
  • Managing complications and organ damage

Treatments include:

New treatments under investigation include:

  • Gene therapy
  • Combination of clotrimazole and magnesium

References:

Cecil Textbook of Medicine. 22nd ed. W.B. Saunders; 2003.

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov .

Sickle Cell Disease Association of America website. Available at: http://www.sicklecelldisease.org .

Weiner CM. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill; 2008.



Last reviewed May 2014 by Michael J. Fucci, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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