A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of developing a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop premenstrual syndrome (PMS) with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing PMS. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.
PMS is most common in women between the ages of 25-40.
Women with depression are more likely to have PMS than those who do not have depression. Having a personality disorder may also increase a woman’s risk for developing PMS.
Stress is thought to play a role in the severity of PMS symptoms.
Low levels of certain vitamins and minerals (for example, magnesium , manganese , vitamin E ) may increase a woman’s risk for developing PMS. Risk of PMS is also higher in women who eat a lot of salty foods. This can lead to fluid retention. A diet with a lot of simple sugars (for example, candy, sweet drinks) may cause mood changes and fatigue.
Premenstrual syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 9, 2016. Accessed August 18, 2016.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/premenstrual-syndrome-pms.html. Updated April 2014. Accessed August 18, 2016.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) fact sheet. Office on Women's Health website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/premenstrual-syndrome.html. Updated December 23, 2014. Accessed August 18, 2016.
Last reviewed August 2016 by James Cornell, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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