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The treatment and management of periodontal disease involves lifestyle changes, medications, other treatments, alternative and complementary therapies, and possibly surgery.

The goals of treatment of periodontal disease include:

  • Controlling the underlying infection
  • Halting destruction of the gums, tissues, and bones that support your teeth
  • Avoiding potential tooth loss

Your dentist may need to refer you to a specialist in the treatment of gum disease, called a periodontist.

Treatment involves the following:

Lifestyle changes
Other treatments


Gum disease. American Dental Association Mouth Healthy website. Available at: Accessed July 27, 2011.

Periodontal treatments and procedures. American Academy of Periodontology website. Available at: Updated May 2011. Accessed July 27, 2011.

Periodontal (gum) disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatments. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: Updated March 2011. Accessed July 27, 2011.

Last reviewed September 2015 by Michael Woods, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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