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The treatment of a heart attack involves emergency medical care before and after reaching the hospital. Initial care includes oxygen therapy to increase amount of oxygen to the heart muscle, and medications to help open blood vessels and increase blood flow to affected area. After you are stabilized, recovery and management includes medications, lifestyle changes, cardiac rehabilitation and/or cardiac surgery to help recovery and prevent future heart attacks.

The goals of treatment are to restore blood flow to the heart muscle and prevent another heart attack.

It is likely you will have a health care team that is made up of doctors, surgeons, nurses, pharmacists, and other health professionals. It is important to maintain contact with your medical team, adhere to recommended treatment, and go to any recommended appointments.

Treatment involves the following:

Lifestyle changes
Medications
Other treatments
Surgery

References:

Acute coronary syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 31, 2014. Accessed April 10, 2014.

How is a heart attack treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/heartattack/treatment.html. Updated December 17, 2013. Accessed April 10, 2014.

Prevention and treatment of heart attack. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/PreventionTreatmentofHeartAttack/Prevention-and-Treatment-of-Heart-Attack_UCM_002042_Article.jsp. Updated January 23, 2013. Accessed April 10, 2014.

ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 31, 2014. Accessed April 10, 2014.



Last reviewed September 2013 by Michael J. Fucci, DO

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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