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There are no specific guidelines for preventing or reducing your risk of glaucoma.

Early detection and treatment of glaucoma, before it causes major vision loss, is the best way to control the disease. Since vision loss is gradual and usually only affects the peripheral vision at first, most people do not notice any visual changes until significant damage has been done.

You should have your eyes examined regularly by an eye care specialist, especially if you are at high risk for glaucoma. (Refer to the screening for recommendations on frequency.) Talk to your doctor about how often you should have an eye examination.


Angle-closure glaucoma. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: Updated July 15, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2016.

Fleming C, Whitlock EP, Beil T, Smit B, Harris RP. Screening for primary open-angle glaucoma in the primary care setting: an update for the US preventive services task force. Ann Fam Med. 2005(2);3:167-170.

Open-angle glaucoma. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: Updated June 2, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2016.

What is glaucoma? Glaucoma Research Foundation website. Available at: Accessed March 1, 2016.

Last reviewed March 2016 by Michael Woods, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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