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Many fibroids do not cause symptoms. If a fibroid does cause symptoms, it may be because of the size or location of the fibroid.

Symptoms range from mild to severe. Large fibroids can produce symptoms, such as:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Low back or leg pain
  • Feeling of pelvic pressure
  • Pain during sex
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Constipation
  • Bloating
  • Enlarged uterus, giving the appearance of pregnancy
  • Infertility by blocking the fallopian tubes

Bleeding symptoms include:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Clots in your menstrual flow
  • Long periods
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Increased cramping during periods
  • Miscarriage

If heavy bleeding continues for a period of time, iron-deficiency anemia may develop. Symptoms of anemia include:

  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pale skin
  • Lightheadedness

References:

Leiomyoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 22, 2012. Accessed August 16, 2012.

Uterine fibroids. The National Uterine Fibroids Foundation website. Available at: http://www.nuff.org/health_uterinefibroids.htm. Accessed August 16, 2012.

Uterine fibroids fact sheet. Womens Health.gov website. Available at: http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/uterine-fibroids.cfm. Updated May 13, 2008. Accessed August 16, 2012.



Last reviewed December 2013 by Andrea Chisholm, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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