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The Kidney and Its Main Blood Vessels


Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

As kidney failure progresses, some of the following symptoms may develop:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Itchy skin
  • Confusion
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Swelling throughout the body
  • Low urine output
  • Generalized weakness
  • Multiple bruises
  • Numbness and tingling in the extremities
  • Irritability
  • Decreased desire for sexual activity
  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Muscle cramps and twitches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Weak, brittle bones
  • Yellowish-brownish skin tone
  • Headache
  • Frequent hiccups

If kidney failure is untreated, the waste products and fluid that build up can result in:

  • Coma
  • Seizures
  • Death

References:

Chronic kidney disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated April 22, 2013. Accessed July 2, 2013.

End-stage renal disease. National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/Research/ScientificAreas/Kidney/KEB.htm Updated September 15, 2010. Accessed July 2, 2013.

Yu, HT. Progression of chronic renal failure. Arch Int Med . 2003;163:1417-1429.



Last reviewed May 2014 by Adrienne Carmack, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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