Most of the known risk factors for ADHD are out of your control. For these factors there are no current guidelines for reducing your (or your child’s) risk of ADHD. As our understanding of ADHD grows, your doctor may have more information regarding steps for reducing your risk. Some factors associated with the development of ADHD in children can be controlled. This includes limiting TV or screen time in young children and avoiding alcohol and smoking during pregnancy.
Understanding ADHD will help you identify its symptoms, minimize the consequences, and get appropriate treatment early on. Early recognition of the behavioral, emotional, and social factors that aggravate the condition can lead to interventions that help reduce its severity. Proper treatment can prevent problems later in life with school, work, relationships, and drug and alcohol use disorder.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd.html. Accessed August 14, 2012.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T231898/Attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-ADHD-in-adult. Updated November 23, 2015. Accessed September 30, 2016.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T113926/Attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-ADHD-in-children-and-adolescent. Updated September 15, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2016.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder/what-is-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder.shtml. Accessed August 14, 2012.
Stern T, Rosenbaum J, et al. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2008.
Understanding ADHD. Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder website. Available at: http://www.chadd.org/Default.aspx?Section=Causes. Accessed August 14, 2012.
Understanding ADHD: Information for parents. American Academy of Pediatrics Healthy Children website. Available at: https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/adhd/Pages/Understanding-ADHD.aspx. Accessed August 14, 2012.
What is ADHD? Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/learning/adhd.html. Accessed August 14, 2012.
Last reviewed September 2016 by Kari Kassir, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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