A testicular self-exam is an examination that you do on your testicles. It is a way for you to notice any changes, lumps, or abnormalities in your testicles. These changes may be a sign of testicular cancer. The American Cancer Society does not make a recommendation about regular testicular self-exams for all men. However, many doctors do recommend that men after puberty do monthly self-exams. Talk with you doctor about the risks and benefits of monthly self-exams. It is especially important to talk with your doctor if you are at high risk for testicular cancer.
Factors that can increase your risk for testicular cancer include:
If your doctor recommends doing monthly self-exams, follow the steps below.
If you notice any changes, lumps, or other abnormalities, see your doctor right away.
In addition, if you feel aching in the lower abdomen or groin, or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum, tell your doctor. This may be a warning sign of cancer.
American Cancer Society
American Urological Association
National Cancer Institute
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Seminoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated January 3, 2013. Accessed January 29, 2013.
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Testicular cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003142-pdf.pdf. Updated January 17, 2013. Accessed on January 29, 2013.
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Last reviewed January 2013 by Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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