Running is an excellent way to stay fit, relieve stress, and spend time outdoors. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned strider, these guidelines will help keep you safe and healthy for many miles to come.
The majority of running injuries occur from training too much, overuse, and improper stretching. These tips can help you to avoid injuries:
Should you stretch before running? This is actually a controversial issue. Some fitness experts do recommend stretching, while others say that the evidence is not there to support the idea that stretching reduces injury. If you are interested in stretching, make sure that you learn the proper form for each stretch. A fitness trainer can teach you how to stretch your muscles.
Regardless of the temperature, you need to replace fluids to avoid dehydration.
Prepare yourself for various obstacles out on the streets:
Many people enjoy the solitude of running. If you are one of them, take a few extra safety precautions:
Don't let weather keep you from an outdoor run. Just be sure you're prepared to face the elements.
In cold weather :
In hot weather:
The beauty of running is that you can do it anywhere. When you are traveling, follow these guidelines:
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Road Runners Club of America
Cold weather running tips. Road Runners Club of America website. Available at: http://www.rrca.org/education-advocacy/cold-weather-running-tips/. Accessed March 7, 2013.
Hot weather running tips. Road Runners Club of America website. Available at: http://www.rrca.org/education-advocacy/hot-weather-running-tips/. Accessed March 7, 2013.
How much fluid should I drink during endurance events? Association of International Marathons and Distance Races website. Available at: http://aimsworldrunning.org/guidelines_fluid_replacement.htm. Published May 6, 2006. Accessed March 7, 2013.
Pereles D. Stretching before a run does not prevent injury. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.aaos-annualmeeting-presskit.org/2011/clinicalpressreleases/Stretching_Before.html. Published February 17, 2011. Accessed March 7, 2013.
RRCA general running safety tips. Road Runners Club of America website. Available at: http://www.rrca.org/education-advocacy/rrca-general-running-safety-tips/. Accessed March 7, 2013.
Running injury prevention. McKinley Health Center website. Available at: http://www.mckinley.illinois.edu/handouts/running_injury_prevent/running_injury_prevent.html. Accessed March 7, 2013.
Running shoe life. Net Wellness website. Available at: http://www.netwellness.uc.edu/healthtopics/healthyweight/Runningshoelife.cfm. Updated January 26, 2010. Accessed March 7, 2013.
Selecting and effectively using sports drinks, carbohydrate gels, and energy bars. American College of Sports Medicine website. Available at: http://www.acsm.org/docs/brochures/selecting-and-effectively-using-sports-drinks-carbohydrate-gels-and-energy-bars.pdf. Accessed March 7, 2013.
Last reviewed March 2013 by Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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