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No existen tratamientos para curar la enfermedad drepanocítica. En vez de ello, el tratamiento pretende controlar los varios síntomas en un esfuerzo por minimizar las complicaciones. Los objetivos del tratamiento incluyen:

  • Controlar los episodios de crisis aguda
  • Controlar el dolor crónico
  • Controlar la anemia
  • Prevenir y tratar las infecciones
  • Controlar las complicaciones y el daño a los órganos

El tratamiento involucra lo siguiente:

Transfusiones de sangre
Trasplante de médula ósea
Cambios en el estilo de vida
Medicamentos
Cirugía
Otros tratamientos

Referencias:

Cecil Textbook of Medicine . 22nd ed. W.B. Saunders Company; 2003.

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Disponible en: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ .

Sickle Cell Disease Association of America website. Disponible en: http://www.sicklecelldisease.org/ .



Last reviewed octubre 2012 by Michael Woods, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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