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La obesidad es difícil de tratar, y los índices de éxito no son altos. Factores culturales, hábitos personales, estilo de vida, y genética, afectan al tratamiento para la obesidad.

El tratamiento y control de la obesidad involucra importantes cambios en el estilo de vida relacionados con su compra de comestibles, preparación de alimentos, alimentación, y hábitos de ejercicio. Los medicamentos desempeñan sólo una pequeña función complementaria, y la cirugía se limita a personas con obesidad mórbida o para quienes tienen complicaciones que pongan en riesgo su vida.

El objetivo del tratamiento es reducir su peso a un punto en el que ya no sea un riesgo para su salud. Esto podría ser menos peso del que le gustaría perder, pero podría ser un objetivo más realista. Mientras eso está sucediendo, también se podrían recomendar medidas para conservar su salud y prevenir el inicio de complicaciones médicas.

El tratamiento involucra lo siguiente:

Cambios en el estilo de vida
Medicamentos
Cirugía
Terapias alternativas y complementarias
Otros tratamientos

References

August GP, Caprio S, et al. Prevention and treatment of pediatric obesity: an Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline Based on Expert Opinion. J Clin Endoc Met. 2008;93:4576-4599.

Barlow SE, and Expert Committee. Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: summary report. Pediatrics. 2007;120(Suppl)S164-S192.

Mechanick JI, Kushner RF, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, The Obesity Society, and American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery medical guidelines for clinical practice for the perioperative nutritional, metabolic, and nonsurgical support of the bariatric surgery patient. Endocrine Practice. 2008;(Suppl 1).

Obesity in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 16, 2012. Accessed August 28, 2012.

Obesity in children and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 25, 2012. Accessed August 28, 2012.

Snow V, Barry P, et al. Pharmacologic and surgical management of obesity in primary care: a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2005;142:525-531.



Last reviewed March 2015 by Kim A. Carmichael, MD, FACP

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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