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El tratamiento y control del insomnio dependen de su causa subyacente. El insomnio transitorio o intermitente podría no necesitar tratamiento debido a que sólo dura unos cuantos días. Cuando se necesita tratamiento, como en el insomnio crónico, éste podría involucrar cambios en el estilo de vida, medicamentos, y otros tratamientos.

El primer paso para tratar el insomnio es identificar y tratar cualquier problema médico o psicológico subyacente. El objetivo final es alcanzar un patrón de sueño normal y restaurador.

El tratamiento involucra lo siguiente:

Cambios en el estilo de vida
Medicamentos
Cirugía
Otros tratamientos
Tratamientos complementarios y alternativos

References:

Can't Sleep? What to know about insomnia. National Sleep Foundation website. Available at: http://www.sleepfoundation.org/article/sleep-related-problems/insomnia-and-sleep . Accessed May 15, 2013.

How is insomnia treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/inso/treatment.html . Updated December 13, 2011. Accessed May 15, 2013.

Insomnia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated April 11, 2013. Accessed May 15, 2013.

Insomnia. Quick Answers to Medical Diagnosis and Therapy. Access Medicine website. Available at: http://accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aid=3267380 . Accessed May 15, 2013

Parmet S, Burke A, Glass RM. Insomnia. JAMA Patient Page . 2006 June 28.295(24).



Last reviewed March 2015 by Marcin Chwistek, MD

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

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