Share this page

Health Library

Un factor de riesgo es aquello que incrementa su probabilidad de contraer una enfermedad o condición.

Es posible desarrollar arritmias con o sin los factores de riesgo listados a continuación. Sin embargo, mientras más factores de riesgo tenga, será mayor su probabilidad de desarrollar arritmias. Si usted tiene numerosos factores de riesgo, pregunte a su médico lo que puede hacer para reducir su riesgo.

Factores de riesgo para arritmias incluyen:

Condiciones Médicas

Las siguientes condiciones médicas incrementan sus probabilidades de desarrollar una arritmia:


Tomar los siguientes medicamentos podría incrementar sus probabilidades de desarrollar una arritmia:

  • Pastillas de dieta o descongestionantes
  • Medicamentos antidepresivos
  • Digitalis
  • Medicamentos tiroidales
  • Estimulantes por prescripción (p.e., Ritalin)

Hábitos del Estilo de Vida

Los siguientes hábitos podrían incrementar sus probabilidades de desarrollar una arritmia:

  • Fumar
  • Alcohol
  • Estrés
  • Consumo excesivo de cafeína

Drogas Ilegales

El uso de drogas ilegales, especialmente estimulantes como cocaína, metedrina, y otras anfetaminas, incrementa su riesgo de desarrollar una arritmia.


Como con el riesgo de enfermedades cardiacas, su riesgo de desarrollar una arritmia incrementa a medida que usted envejece.


Barsky AJ, Cleary PD, et al. The clinical course of palpitations in medical outpatients. Arch Intern Med.. 1995;155:1782.

Lok NS, Lau CP. Prevalence of palpitations, cardiac arrhythmias and their associated risk factors in ambulant elderly. Int J Cardiol 1996;54:231.

Mostofsky E, Penner EA, et al. Outbursts of anger as a trigger of acute cardiovascular events: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Heart J. [Epub 2014 Mar].

Murray-Thomas T, Jones ME, et al. Risk of mortality (including sudden cardiac death) and major cardiovascular events in atypical and typical antipsychotic users: a study with the general practice research database. Cardiovasc Psychiatry Neurol. [Epub 2013 Dec].

Peretto G, Durante A, et al. Postoperative arrhythmias after cardiac surgery: Incidence, risk factors, and therapeutic management. Cardiol Res Pract. [Epub 2014 Jan].

Sarter BH, Finkle JK, et al. What is the risk of sudden cardiac death in patients presenting with hemodynamically stable sustained ventricular tachycardia after myocardial infarction? J Am Coll Cardiol. 1996;28:122.

Understanding your risk for arrhythmia. American Heart Association website. Available at: Updated October 25, 2012. Accessed March 19, 2014.

Who is at risk for an arrhythmia? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: Updated July 1, 2011. Accessed March 19, 2014.

7/1/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance Qureshi WT, O'Neal WT, Khodneva Y, et al. Association between opioid use and atrial fibrillation: The Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(6):1058-1060.

Last reviewed December 2014 by Michael J. Fucci, DO

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

Baptist Flame

Health Library


Find A Doctor



Baptist Medical Clinic

Patients & Visitors


Contact Us

Physician Tools

Careers at Baptist

Employee Links

Online Services

At Baptist Health Systems

At Baptist Medical Center

close ×