Turf toe is a sprain of the base of the big toe where the big toe meets the foot. It is usually a hyperextension sprain of the first joint of the toe. A sprain is stretching or tearing of the ligaments that support a toe. Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that connect bones to each other. The injury is called turf toe because it often occurs in football and soccer players when playing on artificial turf.
Turf Toe Swelling
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Turf toe occurs when the big toe is forced to extend beyond its normal range of motion. This can be caused by:
Factors that increase your chances of getting turf toe include:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and how you injured your toe. An exam of your toe will be done to assess the stability of the joint and the severity of the injury.
Your doctor may need pictures of your foot. This can be done with:
The following drugs may help reduce inflammation and pain:
Surgery is only needed to repair turf toe if:
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
British Columbia Podiatric Medical Association
Achilles Foot Health Centre
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Foot sprain. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated November 3, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.
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Last reviewed February 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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