A sore throat is the general name for two common conditions:
Sore Throat Due to Inflammation
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Many things can cause a sore throat, such as:
Sore throats are more common in certain people. However, anyone can get a sore throat. Risk factors that may increase your chance of getting a sore throat include:
Along with the sore throat, you may have other symptoms, such as:
Call your doctor if you:
The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests calling your child's doctor if your child has a sore throat that continues through the day (no matter what other symptoms are present).
If you think you have an emergency, get medical care right away.
Your doctor will do a physical exam. This involves looking closely at your mouth, throat, nose, ears, and the lymph nodes in your neck.
Treatment depends on the cause of the sore throat. Options may include:
Here are ways to reduce your chance of getting a sore throat:
American Academy of Pediatrics
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Canadian Society of Otolaryngology
Brink AJ, Cotton MF, et al. Guideline for the management of upper respiratory tract infections. S Afr Med J . 2004;94:475-483.
Carson-DeWitt R. Common cold. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary . Updated September 1, 2011. Accessed February 21, 2011.
The difference between a sore throat, strep and tonsillitis. Healthy Children.org website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/ear-nose-throat/Pages/The-Difference-Between-a-Sore-Throat-Strep-and-Tonsillitis.aspx . Updated January 30, 2012. Accessed February 27, 2012.
DynaMed Editorial Team. Streptococcal pharyngitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated October 12, 2010. Accessed November 10, 2010.
Editorial staff and contributors. Strep throat. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary . Updated September 20, 2011. Accessed February 21, 2011.
Mayo Clinic. Sore throat. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sore-throat/DS00526 . Updated October 1, 2007. Accessed June 15, 2008.
Neff D. Discharge instructions for strep throat. EBSCO Patient Education Reference Center (PERC) website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/nursing/products/patient-education-reference-center . December 30, 2011. Accessed February 21, 2011.
Patient UK. Sore throat. Patient UK website. Available at: http://www.patient.co.uk/health/sore-throat . Accessed November 10, 2010.
Perkins A. An approach to diagnosing the acute sore throat. Am Fam Physician . 1997;55:131-138,141-142.
Sore throat. Family Doctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/sore-throat.html . Updated March 2009. Accessed November 10, 2010.
Throat problems. Family Doctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/health-tools/search-by-symptom/throat-problems.html . Accessed February 21, 2011.
Vincent MT, Celestin N, et al. Pharyngitis. Am Fam Physician . 2004;69:1465-1470.
11/10/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Hayward G, Thompson M, Heneghan C, Perera R, Del Mar C, Glasziou P. Corticosteroids for pain relief in sore throat: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ . 2009;339.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2012 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.
What can we help you find?close ×